List of Common Aquatic Medications
CoppersafeManufacturer: Mardel Website: https://www.mardel-labs.com/mardel/f_amedi.htmlDescription: Coppersafe is a safe, stable and non-staining chelated copper treatment which is effective in fighting Ich (Ichthyophthirius multifillis), Flukes (Gyrodcactylus), Anchor Worms, Chilodinella, Velvet, Protozoan diseases and other freshwater external parasites. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: Yes. Additional Notes: Before use, remove invertebrates from tank. Coppersafe may be harmful to plants, amphibians and some snails. Does not overdose. Ensure when treatment is ongoing, you dose the replacement water added to the tank (i.e. if 25g of water is removed, add additional Coppersafe to treat 25g of water. This will ensure dosage remains correct.) It is persistent which means it will remain active in the aquarium for over one month. Carbon can be replaced to aid in the removal of the medication after treatment but water changes are the quickest way to remove it after treatment has ended.
MaracynManufacturer: Mardel Website: https://www.mardel-labs.com/mardel/f_amedi.htmlDescription: Broad-spectrum, nontoxic antibiotic tablets to treat infections of body fungus (grayish-white material covering mouth; may spread to fins, tail, and body), fin and tail rot, popeye, gill disease, and secondary infections in freshwater aquariums. No water changes, pH, or temperature adjustments necessary if readings are in ideal range. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: If an activated carbon filter is more than 5 days old, it may be left in place. However, fresh activated carbon may reduce the activity of medications and should be removed. Additional Notes: Treat for five days even if visible signs disappear. After treatment, new activated carbon or charcoal removes any remaining color from water. This product, like all Mardel products, may be used in conjunction with other Mardel Freshwater products.
Maracyn-2Manufacturer: Mardel Website: https://www.mardel-labs.com/mardel/f_amedi.htmlDescription: Broad-spectrum, nontoxic antibiotic tablets to treat infections of fin and tail rot, popeye, gill disease, dropsy, septicemia, secondary and internal infections. Effective even when fish won't eat in freshwater aquariums. No water changes, pH, or temperature adjustments necessary if readings are in ideal range. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: If an activated carbon filter is more than 5 days old, it may be left in place. However, fresh activated carbon may reduce the activity of medications and should be removed. Additional Notes: Treat for five days even if visible signs disappear. After treatment, new activated carbon or charcoal removes any remaining color from water. This product may be used in conjunction with Maracyn®, Maracide® or Coppersafe®.
CloutManufacturer: Aquatic Products Website: https://www.aq-products.com/Description: This medication for freshwater & marine fish is effective against Ick, Argulus, Leeches, Diogenetic Flukes, Body Fungus, Lernia (Anchor Worm), Parasitic Copepods, Monogenetic Flukes, Planaria, Hexamita, Epistylis, Hydra and Trichodina. Safe for Biological Filter: No Remove Activated Carbon: Yes, but do not discontinue filtration Additional Notes: Best used in a quarantine environment. DO NOT USE WITH Piranhas, Metynnis Species, Scaleless Fish, Bottom Feeders, Marine Sharks, Lion Fish or Invertebrates. This product will stain the aquarium silicone.
NitrofurazoneManufacturer: Packaged as Furacyn by Aquatronics Website: Available at most aquatic retailers Description: Antibiotic for treating: red areas, body streaks, white body slime, open ulcers, wasting away, bacterial infections, and ammonia exposure. Safe for Biological Filter: No Remove Activated Carbon: Yes, but do not discontinue filtration Additional Notes: Do not use with invertebrates. Water discoloration will occur, best used in a quarantine environment.
MetronidazoleManufacturer: Packaged as HEX-A-MIT by Aquatronics Description: For effective treatment of white dots, body velvet, HITH, HLLE, weight loss, wasting away, unexplained fish death, Hexamita. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: Yes Additional Notes: It is almost impossible to overdose this drug but it is recommended to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations as there is little research to discount possible carcinogenic effects.
MelafixManufacturer: Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Description: Melafix is a patented 1% mixture of CAS Melaleuca (Tea Tree Oil) which is used to enhance healing in fish. Especially useful in healing superficial injuries such as ulcers, bruises, scrapes, cuts, lost scales, etc. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: Yes Additional Notes: Although it claims to have antibacterial properties to cure flexibactor (mouth rot) and fin and tail rot, this is currently in dispute.
Levamisole HydrochlorideManufacturer: Available at most feed stores and coops in oblate form. Description: Levacide Levasole (levamisole hydrochloride) is a broad spectrum anthelmintic which has proven effective against Camallanus worms and other internal parasites. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: Yes Additional Notes: It is impossible to overdose this drug. Studies have shown that after treatment, fish actually exhibit a higher tolerance to future re-infestation. This medication is inert at a pH above 7.0 so you should keep this in mind when trying to medicate.
Aquarium SaltDescription: Salt works well against many protozoan parasites such as Costia, Trichodina and Chilodonella as well as flukes and other ectoparasites. It can also assist osmoregulation problems caused by bacterial ulcers; help clear congested gills as well as supporting fish suffering from stress. Because it works in a different way to most disease treatment, it is safer than many pond treatments and will not adversely affect biological filtration in pond filters. It is generally used at fairly high rates in short-term baths or dips, but can be used as a long-term supportive treatment in ponds. Also used to stimulate slime-coat growth. Safe for Biological Filter: Yes Remove Activated Carbon: No Additional Notes: See listing below for recommended salt types and THIS link for curing ICH with salt. SALT BATHS are effective old remedies for many fish diseases, including Ich. Add one tablespoon of common salt (sodium chloride) to a gallon of water at the same temperature as the aquarium, place the affected fish in this for five minutes; remove if the fish shows stress. When you are done add some tank water to this[2 cups].wait 10 min and add 2 more.Do this for 30 min.Then you can put your fish back into the tank. Use only Use only aquarium salt and NOT iodised salt.After you are done with the water dump in down the drain,donot dump this water in the tank or use again. Most snails donot like much if any salt.I would not add more than 1 teaspoon of salt for 5 gals.With out snails you can add up to 1 tablespoon to 5 gal of water,to help your fish.Add slowly over time,hours.Good salts:1. Kosher salts 2. Rock salts 2. Freshwater Aquarium salt 3. Non-Iodized saltBad Salts:1. Salts designed for water softener systems. These typically contain an anti-caking agent known as Yellow Prussiate of Soda. When this non-caking agent is exposed to sunlight it can create hydrogen cyanide which is toxic to the fish.2. Iodized salts. Although there is no evidence to support the theory that iodine in small quantities is not harmful to fish, the lack of evidence to the contrary dictates caution.3. Salts designed for reef environments as they contain other trace elements that may be harmful to the fish and their environment.4. Epsom salts. This contains magnesium sulfate which can increase the bowel activity of the fish. But is a good remedy to cure constipation
Methylene BlueBettamaxManufacturer: Aquatronics Antibiotic capsules for treating listlessness, poor appetite, damage fins, poor color, vitamin deficiency, bacterial and fungal infections. For freshwater use only. Specific for Bettas, Guppies, and all fancy-finned fish. Contains: 250 mg nitrofurazone, methylene blue, pvp, vitamins, NaCl sulfas, methazine, diazine, and merazine.ErythromycinBacterial medication that treats gram positive & some gram negative bacteria, including those that cause fin and tail rot, Gill Disease and Molly Disease.SpectrogramUltra-wide spectrum antibiotic for treating: red body patches, hemorrhage, white body slime, protruding scales, bacterial infections, Furunculosis, Columnaris and fungal infections. For use in fresh and marine aquariums. Do not use with invertebrates. Great for quarantine tanks and baths. Active Ingredients: nitrofurazone, kanamycin.Tetracycline Manufacturer: Aquatronics A broad-spectrum antibiotic used in the treatment of gram-positive and some gram-negative bacterial infections. For infections of fin and tail rot, frayed fins, popeye, inflamed gills, mouth and body open sores/ulcers, livebearer disease, dropsy, Columnaris, and secondary infections such as fungal. Specific for livebearers and goldfish. Aerate the aquarium well when using. Useful for the control of some common bacterial diseases, including Aeromonias and Pseudomonas Genera and the Mysobacterial group.Maracyn Manufacturer: Mardel A broad-spectrum antibiotic for gram-positive bacterial infections. For infections of columnaris (body fungus), fin and tail rot, popeye, gill disease, and secondary infections. Active ingredient: Erythromycin.Maracyn–Two Manufacturer: Mardel A broad-spectrum antibiotic for internal or external gram negative bacterial infections which can even be absorbed through the skin. Effective treatment of fin and tail rot, popeye, gill disease, dropsy (swollen body, protruding scales), septicemia (bleeding or red streaks on the body), secondary and internal infections. Effective even when fish won't eat. Active ingredient: Mincycline hydrochlor.Coppersafe Manufacturer: Mardel Chelated copper treatment recommended for the treatment of ick, flukes, anchor worms, velvet, protozoan diseases and other external parasites.Aquarisol Manufacturer: Aquarium Products Mild, effective treatment for curing Ich and other parasite infestations. Contains soluble copper salts.Methylene BlueTreats superficial fungal infections of fish. Helps prevent fungal infections on fish eggs; effective against superficial fungal infections. Treats ich. May adversly affect the biological system; quarantine and treat sick fish when possible. Use as an alternative to Malachite Green for the control of fungus when it is known that the fish to be treated are sensitive.Malachite GreenFor treatment of external parasites as well as external fungal infections of fishes and eggs which include Achlya and Saprolegnia.Clout Manufacturer: Aquarium Products A very strong and effective medication for parasitic and protozoan infestations. Treats: Ich, Hydra, leeches, Planaria, Epistylis, Trichodina, Hexamita,Tetrahy-mena, body fungus, digenetic flukes, parasitic copepods, monogenetic flukes and anchor worms.MaracideControls Ich and other common parasitesTriSulfaFor the prevention and control of common bacterial diseasesMaroxyAnti-fungal for true fungus; also effective against bacteriaTriple Sulfa Manufacturer: Aquarium Pharmaceuticals A broad spectrum antibacterial medication that treats fungal infections, furunculosis (aeromonas), fin and tail rot, columnaris, body slime/white body and fin blotches, cloudy eyes, molly disease, and bacterial hemorrhagic septicemia. Active Ingredients: sulfamethazine, sulfacetamide, and sulfathiazole.Kanacyn Manufacturer: Aquatronics A gram positive and gram negative bacteria treatment for red streaks or hemorrhaging, dropsy, fin and tail rot, inflamed gills, protruding or loss of scales, fungal infections, vibrio, tuberculosis, wasting away and body ulcers.Super Sulfa Manufacturer: Aquatronics Anti-fungal/anti-bacterial medication for treating cottony patches, fin and tail rot, white body and fin blotches, fungal infections, molly disease and bacterial infections.Furanace Manufacturer: Aquarium Products Antibiotic which treats fin and tail rot, mouth and eye sores, cloudy eyes, wasting away, bacterial infections, fungal infections, pop eye, and molly/tetra disease. Do not use with inverts! Active Ingredient: erythromycinMyacin Manufacturer: Aquatronics Anti-fungal/anti-bacterial medication for treating cottony patches, fin and tail rot, white body and fin blotches, fungal infections, molly disease and bacterial infections.Ampicillex by Aquatronics (USA)Ampicillin trihydrate used for Bacterial infections.Aquarium care fin rot by NT Labs (UK) Acriflavine, Aminoacridine, Hydrocloride & Formaldehyde used for Flukes and external bacterial infections in Freshwater tropical and coldwater fish.Aquarium care fungus by NT Labs (UK) Malachite Green used for Fungal & Ectoparasite infections in Freshwater tropical and coldwater fish.Bactocide by NT Labs (UK) Acriflavine, Aminoacridine, Hydrochloride & Formaldehyde used for External Bacterial, Oodinum & Flukes in Freshwater & Marine fish.Baktopur by Sera (Europe/USA) Acriflavine, 1.3-butylglycol & Methylene Blue used for External Bacterial infections in Freshwater fish. Note Harmful to nitrifying bacteriaBaktopur direct by Sera (Europe/US) Nifurprinolused for internal & external bacterial infections in Freshwater & Marine fish. Note Harmful to invertsBettamax by Aquatronics (USA) Nitrofurazone, Methylene Blue, sodium Chloride, Sulphamethazine, Sulphadiazine & Sulphamerazine used for Bacterial infections in BettasBGDX by Argent (USA) Chloramine-T used for Bacterial Gill infectionsChloramine T by Vertark (UK)Chloramine T used for External bacterial, protozoa (ICH) & Flukes in Cold freshwater fish. Note higher dose needed for high Ph/ KHClear-Ich by Aquatronics (USA)Quinine Monohydrochloride, Gentian Violet, Sodium Chloride & Diatomaceous Earth used for ICH.Clout by Aquarium (USA)4-p-Dimethylamino-o-phenylbenzylidene-2.5cyclohexadien-1-xylidenedimethyl Ammonium Chloride & Dimethyl used for Ectoparasite infections.Costapur by Sera (Europe/USA)Malachite Green used for Protozoal infections (ICH, Costia Chilodonerlla) in Freshwater & Marine fish. Note Harmful to marine invertsCyprinopur by Sera (Europe/USA) 1.3-dihydroxylbenzol, Ethonol & Phenol used for Open Wounds & Ulcers in Pond fish. Cyptopur by Sera (Europe/USA) 1.3-dihydroxylbenzol used for Protozoal infections (Cryptocaryon) in Marine fish.Diseasolve Aquarium antiseptic by NT Labs (UK)Acriflavine & Meythelene Blue used for External bacterial & Protozoal infections in Tropical freshwater fish.Diseasolve for ponds by NT Labs (UK) Acriflavine & Meythelene Blue used for External Bacterial & Ectoparasite infections in Koi & other carp.Ectopur by Sera (Europe/USA) Sodium Borate, Sodium Chloride & Sodium Perborate used for Ectoparasite & Fungal Infections in Freshwater & Marine fish. Fin Rot Terminator by Sinclair (UK)Silver Protenate used for External Bacterial infections in Freshwater Fish. Note Best effects at 16-27CFluke Tabs by Aquarium (USA) Trichlorfon & Mebendazole used for Tapeworms, Copepods, Flukes, Lice & Capillaria.Formalachite by PPI (UK) Formaldehyde & Malachite Green used for Protozoal infections (ICH, Costia Trichodina) & Flukes in Cold Freshwater fish.Formalin by PPI (UK)Formaldehyde used for Protozoal (ICH, Costia, Trichodina) & Fluke infections in Cold freshwater fish.Formalite 1 by Aquatronics (USA) Formaldehyde, Malchite Green & Copper sulphate used for Ectoparasite infections.Formalite 2 by Aquatronics (USA)Formaldehyde, copper & nickel Sulphate used for Ectoparasite infections.Fungi Cure by Aquarium (USA)Victoria Green, Green Band & Neutroflavins used for Fungal infections.Fungus Guard by Jungle (USA) Sodium Chloride, Potassium Chloride, triethyelene Glycol, EDTA, Methelyene Blue, Polyvinylpyrrolidone & Nitromersol Acriflavine used for Fungal infections.Furazone Green by Various makers (USA) Methyelene Blue, Nitrofurazone & Furazolidine used for External Bacterial and Fungal Infections.General Cure by Aquarium (USA)Metronidazole, Copper Sulphate & TrichlorfonICK Guard by Jungle (USA) Triethylene Glycol, Victiria Green, Nitromersal & Acriflavin used for ICH.ICK Guard 2 by Jungle (USA) Formalin, Carmisine Red, Triethylene Glycol, Victiria Green, Sodium Hydroxide, Nitromersal & Acriflavin used for ICH in scaleless fish.Kanamycin by Aquatrol (USA)Kanamycin sulphate used for Bacterial infections.Koi Anti Fungus and Bacterial by Interpet (UK) Acrflavine, Malachite Green & Methylene Blue used for External bacterial & Fungal infections in Pond fish. Note Harmful to Orfe, Rudd and Stergeons/SterletsKoi Anti Parasite FS by Interpet (UK) Formaldehyde, Malachite Green & Methylene Blue used for Flukes & Protozoal infections in Pond Fish.Koi Care Acriflavine by NT Labs (UK) Acriflavine used for External bacterial, protozoal & fungal infections in Pond fish. Note can be used with tropicals with care as it is easy to overdose Koi Care Calm by NT Labs (UK) Clove oil use as a clamative in Pond Fish. Note very easy to [b]overdose, clove oil is used for euthanasiaKoi Care FMG by NT Labs (UK)Formaldehyde & Malachite Green used for Fungal & Protozoal infections in Pond fish. Note can be used with tropicals with care as it is easy to overdose Harmful to Orfe, Rudd, Tench and Stergeons/SterletsKoi Care Gillwash by NT Labs (UK)Benzalkionium chloride used for Bacterial Gill infections in Pond Fish. Note [b]Harmful to nitrifying bacteria; use half dose in soft water.Koi Care Malachite Green by NT Labs (UK) Malachite Green used for Fungal & external Parasite infections in Pond Fish.Koi Care Ulcer-Swab by NT Labs (UK)Benzalkonium chloride & Providone used as a cleaner of wounds on Pond Fish. Note Apply directly to fish, do not dose pondKoi Care Wound Seal by NT Labs (UK) Zinc cream used to seal wounds and promote healing in Pond Fish. Note Apply directly to fish, do not dose pondMaracyn 1 by Mardel (USA) Erythromicin used for Bacterial infectionsMaracyn 2 by Mardel (USA)Minocycline used for Bacterial infectionsIDK where you live in the US, I'm in WI and as far as I know Minocycline HCL and erythromycin are prescription meds. I have prescriptions for both, though the erythromycin is a 2% solution, I've never used it for my self or my fish. I have used the minocycline, which comes in 100mg capsules. Dosing the meds for fish is actually quite easy, I follow the directions for the fish meds Maracyn and Maracyn-Two. Maracyn is erythromycin, and Maracyn two is Minocycline. The directions for Maracyn are- dose 200mg erythromycin per 10gal every day for 5 days, repeat only once if needed. Directions for Maracyn- two : dose 20mg Minocycline per 10 gal on the first day. Second through 5th dose 10mg Minocyclin per 10 gal. repeat the 5 day treatment only once if needed. You can use solutions of both meds to treat fish with, but working out the dosage is more difficult and is impossible to say with out knowing the % solution. BTW- both of these are prescribed most often as acne meds, so if you can get it OTC where you live look in the acne section.Read more: https://www.tropicalfishkeeping.com/tropical-fish-diseases/over-counter-antibiotics-27453/#ixzz3ECOA4zlfMetrozol by Aquatrol (USA)Metronidazole used for HITH & External Protozoal infectionsMycopur by Sera (Europe/USA) Acriflavine, Copper chloride & Copper sulphate used for Flukes and Fungal Infections in Tropical freshwater fish. Note Harmful to nitrifying bacteriaNitrofurazone by Aquatrol (USA) Nitrofurazone used for Bacterial infectionsOmnisan by Sera (Europe/USA)Malachite Green used for Fungal & Ectoparasite infections in Pond Fish.Oodinopur A by Sera (Europe/USA) Copper chloride & Copper sulphate used for Protozoal (Oodinum) Infections in Freshwater & Marine fish. Note Harmful to marine invertsParacide by NT Labs (UK)Citric acid, Cupric sulphate & Formaldehyde used for Protozoal & Fungal Infections in Pond fish. Note Harmful to invertsParacide Green by Argent (USA)p-P-benzylidene-N-N-dimethyalanine & Formalin used for Ectoparasite and Fungal infections.Paragon 1 by Aquatronics (USA) Dibromohydroxymercuriluorescein & Malachite Green used for Ectoparasite infections. Paragon 2 by Aquatronics (USA)Metronidazole, Neomycin sulphate, Furazolidone, Naladixic acid & Sodium chloride used as a wide range anti-bacterial and anti-parasitical treatment.Prefuran (Furanace) by Argent (USA) Nifurpirnol used for Most Bacterial infections, HITH & Sarpolegnia.Tetrafin Gold Med; goldfish Disease treatment by Tetra (UK) Formaldehyde & Malachite Green oxalate used for Flukes, External Bacterial, Protozoal & Fungal infections in Coldwater Aquarium fish.White spot terminator (WS3) by Sinclair (AKA KING BRITISH) (UK) Acriflavine, Malachite Green & Quinine sulphate used for Protozoal Infections in Freshwater fish. Note Best used at 25-30C; Toxic to marine lifeZeemax by Jungle (USA) Sodium chloride, Nitrofurazone, Nitromersol, Triethylene glycol, Potassium permanganate & Acriflavine used as a wide range anti-bacterial and anti-parasitical treatment. Note Safe for species sensative to organophosphates.General tonic by Tetra (UK)Ethacridine-lactate, acriflavine, methylene blue & 9-aminocridine-hydrocloride.Fungistop by Tetra (UK) Silver collid & Mentanii yellow.Contra spot by Tetra (UK)Formeldehyde, Malachite green & CarbinolhydrochlorideKing British Revitiliser Tonic:Active Ingredient: Liquified Salts When To Use: Fish Appearing Sluggish But No Obvious Symptoms Fish Looking Bloated And Near Surface of Water Body Appears Covered In Slime Fish Appear Unbalanced/UnstableMethylene BlueActive Ingredient: When To Use: Fish Rubbing Or Flicking On Sides Rapid Gill Movement And Always At Water Surface Clamped Fins And No Effort To Move Cotton Wool Like Growths On Fish Or Eggs Fish On Tank Bottom An AntisepticFlubenol 15, kill flukes, camulanus worms, tapeworms and other internal parasites.Contains Flubendazole (produced from Flubenol premix containing Flubendazole 50%) and WILL kill snailsANTI-FLUKE made buy aquarium products.heals body flukes, lernaea, and argulus. Harmfull to invertebrates. ingredients 0,0- dimethyl 1- hydroxy 2- irichloromethyl phosphatenote: like the fluke tabs only a liquad.Wormer plus (uk) intestinal worms, so capillaria (nematoes), tape worms, anchor worms, parasitic flagellates, odinium, gill worms (gill flukes or trematoedes), snails and hydra.active ingredient FlubendazoleLevamisole Hydrochloride(uk)(us)internal parasitesClout tabs ich, epistylis, digentic flukes, trichodina, monogenetic flukes, hexamita, parasitic copepods, argulus, planaria, leeches, body fungus, hydra, lernia and tetrahymena. Inverts must be removed from the treated aquarium until at least 72 hours after treatment is complete. Use cautiously with lionfish, piranha and marine sharks.Do not overdoseactive ingredients Phenylbenzylindene, dimethyl, phosphonate, methylnitro and inert ingredients as non-toxic bindersJungle labs Tank Buddies Ick Clear Tabs(US)ingredients Victoria green and acriflavineJungle labs Tank Buddies Fungus Clear Tablets(US)- Furunculosis (open red sores), eye cloud (white hazy film on eyes), popeye (enlarged eyes), swim bladder disease (fish swims on side or upside down).ingredients Nitrofurazone, furazolidone, potassium dichromateJungle labs Tank Buddies Parasite Clear Tablets(US)-Fish are thin, weak, listless, swim aimlessly, dart wildly, have spasms, mucous at gill, fins closed, held closed to body, skin irrated, scrape against objects, red spots on fins, gills hang partially open, pump fast, tiny bubble-like lumps slowly move on skin/fins, small black specks on skin, tiny threadlike worm hang from bodyingredients Dimethyl Phosphate, N-2, 6-Diflourobenzamide, Metronidazole and Acriflavin